Recommended Watering System
If you water your landscape by hand, use a faucet timer and soaker hose to water your trees. A soaker hose will let out about 5 gallons of water per hour. Your new tree will need about 4-6 gallons of water each time you water it.Soaker hoses are a great way to apply water slowly and deeply to the soil in the root zone of trees.
Check soil moisture periodically to insure that the root zone is being kept uniformly moist. Soaker hoses are available for purchase through Turfsavers Tree Farm, so don't forget to ask about them before you go home.
Mulch Helps Conserve Water
Mulching trees with a three to four inch layer of bark or compost decreases the amount of water that evaporates from the soil, aids in water and air penetration, and cools tree roots. The greater the area of root zone that’s mulched, the better your tree will perform. Mulch is sold at Turfsavers Tree Farm and is recommended with the sale of every tree.
Apply loose organic mulch, such as a shredded bark, about 2"- 4" deep. If using stone or gravel apply 1" deep. If you must put something down under your mulch or stone, do not use plastic. Use a landscape fabric which allows water and air to pass through.When planting your trees mulch an area 3' in diameter around the trunk or to the outside of the hole, whichever is greater. When planting mature trees, spread mulch from the tree trunk to the drip line (canopy of tree), if possible, for the most benefit. When mulching, keep the mulch at least 6 inches from the trunk of the tree.
What Time of Day is Best for Watering?
Wonder what time of day is best to water? Irrigate when water is available to you. You may find gardening books that advise against watering at night to avoid diseases. However in out climate it dos not matter what time of the day to water your plants. Watering in the middle of the day is not harmful to most plants, but is less efficient due to evaporation. Just be careful not to water tree and garden plants with hot water from a hose sitting out in the sun.
If you are not watering your tree enough it's leaves may begin to turn brown, curl up, die, and fall off of your tree. You may be over watering your tree if the leaves turn yellow and begin to fall off the tree and die.
In order for the Turfsavers Tree Farm warranty to be effective, you must follow these specific watering directions!
Turfsavers Tree Farm recommends that you have your trees planted by them, so as to ensure the best chance of survival for your new trees!
Fill the remainder of the hole, taking care to firmly pack soil to eliminate air pockets that may cause roots to dry out. To avoid this problem, add the soil a few inches at a time and settle with water. Continue this process until the hole is filled and the tree is firmly planted. It is not recommended to apply fertilizer at the time of planting.
**If you do not follow these directions, and Turfsavers Tree Farm feels for any reason that you did not take proper care of your trees, the warranty will be null and void.
Information taken from: http://www.treesaregood.org/treecare/tree_selection.aspx
The latest research indicates that pruning does not help overcome transplant shock unless the tree is receiving insufficient irrigation. Pruning of trees, if required should not be done until about a year after planting.
Pruning Fruit Trees
The successful growth and productivity of young fruit trees depends upon training as soon as the trees have been planted. Correct and careful pruning will shape the tree properly to prevent breakage from storms and when heavily loaded with fruit. Air and sunlight can enter the tree to prevent disease and encourage uniform size and ripening of fruit
Young fruit trees received from the nursery have several branches. There will also be one, two or more leaders. Cut off all but one of these leaders. If there are two leaders, they will form narrow V crotches. Such crotches are weak and tend to break in a storm or under heavy crop.
Select the flrst lowest branch of your tree. It is important that all these lateral branches have wide angles where they join the trunk. New lateral branches will grow from the leader the second year after planting.
Five to eight lateral branches are sufficient for a mature tree. The lateral branches should be spaced 8 to 18 inches apart.
Remove all water sprouts that form on the trunk or lateral branches near the trunk. Except when planting, pruning should be done early in March.
Pruning Shade Trees
The main purpose of pruning is to develop a balanced, well-spaced distribution of branches while maintaining the typical form of the species. Currently, there are two theories regarding tree pruning within the industry.
The first theory supports a heavier pruning:
The second theory supports the idea that pruning should not be as extensive as has been recommended in the past.
CAUTION! New research has shown that terminal buds may have some relation to the feeder root regeneration. Therefore, heavy pruning is not recommended. However, we strongly feel that carefully balanced pruning is essential in the early growth and establishment of the tree.
Most varieties of evergreens should be trimmed each year, as they need it, to keep looking their best and retain their symmetry.
In the pruning of evergreens, it is desirable to retain the natural growing habits as much as possible, merely removing some of the longer, ragged-looking tips to encourage a more dense, full growth. Pruning will help to keep your evergreens small and dense, overcoming the normal tendency to become thin and lose their foliage. Pruning should be done usually during June and the early part of July. The trees will then make sufficient growth to till out nicely before winter sets in.
Fir and Spruce
All branches projecting beyond the natural pyramid should be cut back into line. The side growth should also be pruned to overcome patchiness and encourage dense growth. The best time to prune these varieties is when the new growth has pushed and begun to harden off. (This usually occurs in June.) At this time, 1/3 to 1/2 of the hardened growth should be pruned off This pruning procedure encourages new buds to develop which will promote new growth the following season, making it more dense and compact. Preserve the central leader to maintain a straight line and upright growth habit.
Hemlock and Taxus (Yews)
These are the most graceful of all evergreens with long, sweeping branches. Taxus usually require shortening of the long shoots they put forth in the early spring to keep them trom becoming too open. Hemlock require some trimming, especially in shady locations.
Juniper and Arborvitae
Arborvitae may be sheared severely and adapt well if pruned in this manner. However, a less severe pruning allows the plant to retain a more natural appearance. Arborvitae make beautiful evergreen hedges, although they require consistent shearing and shaping each summer to make them compact and until June. Junipers often lose their attractive appearance if sheared too heavily. For unique effects with spreading evergreens planted in rockeries and rock walls, "weird" shapes are often desirably. By pruning off some of the side branches, you may encourage them to trail in varying directions.
We recommend shearing this tree in the early stages of growth to encourage a tight, full and symmetrical shape. If left untrimmed, this tree becomes ragged. Personal pruning techniques will determine the individual characteristics of a loose / open or compact / tight appearance. With the exception of the Mugho Pine a central leader should be maintained. Please see Fir and Spruce for proper timing and pruning recommendations.